Curriculum Unit

Do You or Are You?

Intermediate ESL English Grammar Series

Grade 7
Created by teacher Hesam Samimi (Sam)

Is it "Are you happy?" or "Do you happy?" Most ESL students know this one.

Is it "It didn't taste good." or "It wasn't taste good." Some ESL students might get it wrong.

Is it "The weather doesn't get cold." or "The weather isn't get cold." More ESL students, still, might get this one wrong...

...whether it's choosing between the verbs "to do" or "to be" or it's forming the tense structure correctly. It has to do with being able to distinguish between verbs and nouns/adjectives, and it has to do with knowing the correct question/answer sentence structures in various tenses.

This is an English Grammar course unit for non-native students. This unit can be appropriate for any elementary or secondary grade, depending on ESL students' English grammar level. It is ideal for classrooms where most students have basic familiarity with English grammar's rules on forming basic questions and answering them, but might struggle with some more complicated examples. In terms of English levels of Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), the target student level for this course is about A2-B2 range. 

In particular, this unit covers when to use the verbs "to be" and "to do" when forming questions and positive/negative answers, in several tenses: simple present, continuous present, simple past, and present perfect. To be able to do this, we first build on the students' ability to group words into classes of Noun, Adjective, and Verb.

The unit includes a unit review test containing multiple choice and association type questions.